True Advantage - Cognitive Psychology

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive psychology - the study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about information.

Dialectic - a developmental process where ideas evolve over time through a pattern of transformation.

  • A thesis, or statement of belief, is proposed.
  • An antithesis, or statement that counters a previous statement of belief, emerges.
  • A synthesis integrates the most credible features of two or more viewpoints. How do different forces covery and interact with each other? Are these different faces of the same core component?

Cultural differences between Western and Eastern cultures:

  • Eastern culture are more dialetic in thinking (tolerant of holding ideas that are contradictory), whereas Western culture is more linear (consistent belief systems).
  • Eastern culture process objects with the surrounding context, whereas Western culture processes objects independent of their context.

Key Take-aways:

Integration can generate a new and more encompassing approach through iterative optimization for weaknesses by trying alternative approaches with different characteristics.

Cognitive Neuroscience


Visual Perception


Attention and Consciousness


Memory Processes


The Landscape of Memory: Mental Images, Maps, and Propositions


The Organization of Knowledge in the Mind




Problem Solving and Creativity


Decision Making and Reasoning


Source: Cognitive Psychology, 6th Edition. 2012. Robert J. Sternberg and Karin Sternberg.

Addtional Resources: